[14] Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportion of young people of any Indian state. Indian population religion wise 2019 - State wise. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna was established in 2012. Carolyn Brown Heinz, 2006, “Documenting the Image in Mithila Art,” Visual Anthropology Review, Vol. Gender wise, male and female literacy stood at 74.43 and 56.68 percent respectively. Islam with 16.9% followers is the second largest religion, followed by Christians, Jains and Sikhs. Mithila painting is also called Madhubani art. At 11.3%, Bihar has the second-lowest urbanisation rate in India after Himachal Pradesh. [38][39], The Gupta Empire, which originated in Magadha in 240 AD, is referred as the Golden Age of India in science, mathematics, astronomy, commerce, religion, and Indian philosophy. [49] It was followed by Ksahtriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta from Dinapure, Udyoga, and Chaitanya Chandrika. So festivals take place round the year. [135], The beginning of the 20th century was marked by a number of notable new publications. [139], In the past, tourism in the region was purely based on educational tourism, as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila.[140][141][relevant? Population Density of Bihar. Pandit Govardhan Mishra – son of the Ram Prasad Mishra, himself an accomplished singer – is perhaps the finest living exponent of Tappa singing in India, according to Padma Shri Gajendra Narayan Singh, founding secretary of the Sangeet Natak Academi of Bihar[citation needed]. In turn, this prevents the government from making evidence-based conclusions about policy changes and hospital effectiveness, resulting in patterns of ill-informed spending and inconsistent hiring. All the branches of the government are located in the state capital, Patna. – discuss], Government colleges are located at Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Darbhanga, Motihari, Nalanda, and Saran (Chhapra). Many varieties of local and migratory bird species can be seen in natural wetlands of Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, Baraila lake, Kusheshwar Nath Lake, Udaypur lake. Valmiki National Park covers about 800 km2 (309 sq mi) of forest and is the 18th Tiger Reserve of India, ranked fourth in terms of density of tiger population. A recent survey by Pratham rated the receptivity of Bihari children to their teaching as being better than those in other states. Some historians believe that thousands of Buddhist monks were massacred during the 12th century. The success of Ravi Kishan and Manoj Tiwari's films led to a revival in Bhojpuri cinema, and the industry began to support an awards show[126] and trade magazine Bhojpuri City. [117][better source needed]. It is dominated by a vast stretch of fertile plain which is divided unevenly by the Ganges River. [58], At the 2011 Census, Bihar was the third most populous state of India with total population of 104,099,452, nearly 89% of it rural. [122] This school of painting formed the basis for the formation of the Patna Art School under the leadership of Shri Radha Mohan. Hinduism is the dominant religion in the state with over 82.7% of the followers. After listening to bandishes from Kumar Sahib, Pandit Jasraj was moved to tears and lamented that, alas, he did not have such ability himself." In total, 537,021 people were literate of which males and females were 324,241 and 212,780 respectively. Buddhism in Magadha went into decline due to the invasion of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji, during which many of the viharas were destroyed along with the universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila. [58] The sub-Himalayan foothill of Someshwar and the Dun ranges in the Champaran district have belts of moist deciduous forests, mixed with shrubs, grass and reeds. Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. [13] Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. The National Employability Report of Engineering Graduates, 2014,[157] puts graduates from Bihar in the top 25 percent of the country, and rates Bihar as one of the three top states at producing engineering graduates in terms of quality and employability. Of diverse religions this theme continue to be popular in the 1980s, Bhojpuri. Patna is the highest in India after Himachal Pradesh Chandragupt Institute of Technology Patna. Until it became an official language in 15 districts of Bihar for 13 years between 2005 and 2020 literacy... Was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who imprisoned his father to ascend the throne first... 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