Concerns regarding excessive smartphone use related aspects have been raised over the past years. Results depict that gender, age and relationship with opposite sex have a significant positive effect on students' academic performance. Why do people use Facebook. This sample survey template consists of questions that gather information about people’s social media usage. Results show the SMEQ had no significant impact on academic performance. It is called Social Media Addiction Scale (SMA, IAT to fit the context of social media usage. Regressing GPA on SMEQ factor with sex as control, . (1), 1-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1509/jm.11.052. Sampling and acquiescence biases were also present for some scales. Qualitative analyses suggest significant behavioral and functional usage differences between the two groups such as the types of applications utilized, the degree of difficulty controlling weekly usage, and the severity of problems noted. Fig.1 Social Media Score and its components . This increase in usage has attracted a great deal of academic interest, as researchers seek to better understand the impacts that adolescents and young adults may experience as a result of social networking site (SNS) usage. How are self-reported PSU and objectively measured smartphone use related to psychopathology symptom severity and risk factors? We conducted keyword-based searches of several broad multidisciplinary databases, along with reference list searches and article citation searches. Students reported frequently searching for content not related to courses, using Facebook, emailing, talking on their cell phones, and texting while doing schoolwork. social media usage and a version of the Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire, modified for use in tertiary students, were used for data collection (n¼969). 5. Thus, the main purpose of the present study is to investigate the usages pattern of cell phone in class room with the help of the evidences from Mathematical and Physical Science Faculty Students of Jahangirnagar University. RESEARCH ARTICLE Problematic Social Media Use: Results from a Large-Scale Nationally Representative Adolescent Sample Fanni Ba´ nyai 1,2, A´ gnes Zsila , Orsolya Kira´ ly1, Aniko Maraz1, Zsuzsanna Elekes3, Mark D. Griffiths4, Cecilie Schou Andreassen5, Zsolt Demetrovics1* 1 Institute of Psychology, Eo¨ tvo¨ s Lora´ nd University, Budapest, Hungary, 2 Doctoral School of Psychology, Two studies were conducted with the complete WSMQ below, both described in the paper referenced above. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The present study thus provides a systematic review of the psychometric properties of these scales. (Dahlstrom, de Boor, Grunwaald, & Vokley, 2011). Our results have shown that social media use disorder and being depressed and stressed were associated with higher levels of alexithymia. A quantitative non-experimental correlational design was used. Factor analysis was again used to determine the dimensions of SMAS. Keywords: Mobile phone usage, Classroom, University students, International Journal of Psychological Studies, Adolescents' Intense and Problematic Social Media Use and Their Well-Being in 29 Countries, The Impact of Social Media on Students’ Academic Performance: A Case Study at the University of Jordan, Impact of Social Media Addiction on Employees' Wellbeing and Work Productivity, Problematic smartphone use: behavioral, psychopathological, dispositional, and educational correlates, Psychological impact of e-learning on social network sites: online students’ attitudes and their satisfaction with life, Validation of the Social Media Disorder Scale in adolescents: Findings from a large-scale nationally representative sample, School Burnout and School Engagement in Adolescents: The Mediator and Moderator Role of Facebook Addiction, Social media use disorder and alexithymia: Any association between the two? Observed differences in country-level prevalence rates of intense and problematic SMU could not be explained by mobile Internet access. We find that Facebook activities during class relate, As cell phone technology continues its rapid development, the device appears capable of contributing to student learning and improved academic performance. Out of all 1237 social media users, 92.2% (n = 1140) reported owning a smartphone and using it for social media. The items we. Portability makes them the perfect medium for Internet addicts. Factor analysis of Social Media Engage, regression analysis. The main independent variables, an individual’s use patterns. This study thus contributes to literature on viral marketing in general and sharing mechanisms in particular; it also offers practical, hands-on recommendations to marketing managers in charge of designing viral marketing campaigns for both more and less utilitarian products. Surveys are furthermore conducted regularly on a smaller scale by organisations, educational facilities and businesses. March 2014. Results showed that multi-tasking with any of the, n, measurements of daily Facebook use and texting behavi, ile Internet since they both essentially use the same, number of experiences from a psychological perspec, r instance, a socially inclined person might expend much, checking their profile to have a glimpse of the number of “likes” their latest post, may find Instagram to be an addictive arena for them to, buses or trains and even while driving a car. In Study 2 we found that students with more PSU also had more surface and less deep approach to learning. Given its good psychometric properties, the scale is suitable for research on problematic SMU among adolescents. that can result in problematic behavioral patterns. It’s difficult to sleep after using SM. Social Media Usage Thank you very much for agreeing to participate in this survey based on the uses and impact of social media. Widespread research has conceptualized the term social networking with almost all of the studies either conceptual or based on case studies. of social media usage on academic performance I used, the time spent using social media with sex used as a, ends using social media, the worse their GPA will be (, ). Social Media Addiction Questionnaire. Previous research on the relationship between social media usage, In their research specially designed to study multi-tasking, looked at large samples of college students a, multi-tasking with several media technologies (texting, e-mail, MSN messaging, Facebo, multitasking) while taking place in classroom setting. Our research indicates that the type and purpose of ICT use matters in terms of the educational impacts of multitasking. The themes that emerged are lack of sleep; backache and eye strain; feeling of envy; lack of depth in the relationships; tendency to seek approvals; not meeting deadlines; compromise with the work quality; distraction from work. Social Media and Academic Performance: Does Facebook Activity Relate to Good Grades? The, scale consisted of five items on a scale with six. We use a unique data set obtained from a survey of students’ perceptions, actual Facebook connections to measure social network positions, and objective grades provided by the university registrar to measure academic performance. In all countries, intense users reported more friend support than nonintense users. Time passes by without me feeling it when I am using social media. of time and place. Despite social media use being one of the most popular activities among adolescents, prevalence estimates among teenage samples of social media (problematic) use are lacking in the field. The present study intends to assist human resource managers in designing appropriate policies and guidelines pertaining to employees’ social media usage at the workplace. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. negatively to academic performance, that students located in densely connected subnetworks earn better grades, and that in contrast to female students, male students benefit from a general use of Facebook, particularly if they are highly connected. Table 2 shows the wording of all fourteen items in addition to the means and, Table 2. Wright, and Johnson (2013) suggested another scale, the Social Media Use Integration Scale (SMUIS), which was developed to be suitable for use across different SNS platforms. We analyze how Facebook use and students’ social network positions within it relate to their academic performance. The questionnaire is open to people who are aged 16 and over and use social media. The recent rapid increase in cell phones has influenced multiple aspects of our daily lives, particularly those of Students. Landers, R. N. & Callan, R. C. (2014). http://www.sbr-online.de/pdfarchive/einzelne_pdf/sbr_2015_jan_054-072.pdf. In addition, they may fall behind with their schoolwork because of their intense SMU, which could induce lower school well-being, ... For instance, some of the available literature (Khan, 2009, Karpinski & Duberstein, 2009, Englander et al. To learn more about the association between social media use disorder and alexithymia among Lebanese people. Also, they have the added element of bein. Undeniably, social media use has grown exponentially throughout the last decade. license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Three measures will be, social media engagement, and social media addiction. Clinical and social implications of pathological Internet use and future directions for research are discussed. The present review provides recommendations for researchers intending to study SNS engagement. (2014). In the academic year 2015-2016 the Department of Sociology undertook research on the social media usage of the First Year undergraduate student cohort. Therefore, the aims of the current study is to determine the influence of the mobile phone usage on academic, 1]1Centre of Language Studies and Generic Development, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan. We use a unique data set obtained from a survey of students’ perceptions, actual Facebook connections to measure social network positions, and objective grades provided by the university registrar to measure academic performance. social media addiction. Other studies have noted that over-involvement with social media adversely impacts student academic performance, ... Because social media use has been shown to be a vulnerability factor in developing PSU ( Lopez-Fernandez et al., 2017), it would also be logical to investigate the role of social media use in lectures with PSU and the educational variables highlighted above. assigned technologies is negatively related to learning. As Table 6, media, the worse their academic performance. Finally, the study looked at social media addiction and its effect on academic performance. I find myself using SM longer than intended. Finally, students with relatively high use of study strategies were more likely to stay on-task than other students. My family complain frequently of my preoccupation with social media. The research data shows a significant positive association between attitudes towards e-learning and satisfaction with life by females and males. Wording of the social media addiction items in, 2. The reported results on social media use are derived from the combined samples 1 and 3 (N = 1325) unless otherwise specified.A small group (Sample 1: 6.6%, n = 88; Sample 2: 10,3%, n = 90) reported not using any form of social media and was excluded from analyses. The current studies yielded original findings that contribute to the empirical database on social media addiction and that have important theoretical and practical implications. These, Facebook and choose Twitter instead, especially as their, n to interact with them (Madden et al., 2013). Individual-level data came from 154,981 adolescents (meanage = 13.5) from 29 countries that participated in the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey. The final sample size was 1327. Purpose Fo. The attitudes towards e-learning were also positive (female 4.34 out of 6, SD = 1.0 and male 4.12 out of 6, SD = 1.2). Regressing GPA on time spent using social media with sex as control, . This review included articles that aimed at either developing an SNS engagement scale or providing a systematic test of the psychometric properties of the scale. This review can guide SNS researchers' selection of a valid, reliable scale. This review identifies areas where more validation work should be undertaken. Stickiness is a feature of their business models, e with business clients for segment-specific selling of goods. More frequent social media use in lectures could explain that relationship. Findings The analysis revealed males were found to have higher body image satisfaction than their female counterparts. Many studies affirm the negative consequences of online immersion, if not internet addiction, given that social network sites are the most popular online tool for communicating between instructors and students (Alfalah et al. 6. This empirical study analyzes the Facebook viral marketing campaigns of 751 products and reveals that the same sharing mechanism that made FarmVille so successful is the worst possible mechanism for promoting primarily utilitarian products. Engaging in Facebook use or texting while trying to complete schoolwork may tax students' capacity for cognitive processing and preclude deeper learning. Participants were asked to report their cumulative GP, Respondents were asked a single question about the total number of hours sp, To measure social media addiction, a variant of the In, 2009). Mental (life satisfaction and psychological complaints), school (school satisfaction and perceived school pressure), and social (family support and friend support) well-being were assessed. Cell phones are increasingly one of the most popular information access devices and multiuser functions which can be beneficial during study. For e, of university students use Facebook and 37% use Twitter, With their popularity, some universities are using soci, students, both current and prospective and, goal of enhancing the educational process and teamwork on proj, better communication with students. 10. Significant differences were found in uses of smartphones depending on academic program. However, marital status, spending time on a mobile phone, negative effect of mobile phone and application usage while studying has a negative effect on students' academic performance. No identifying information will be requested by questionnaire, nor will you be asked to supply contact details, and so you will be completely anonymous. Participants completed a survey online comprising three questionnaires: A social media usage questionnaire designed by the researcher, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (Rosenberg 1965) and a body image questionnaire (Maynard 2009). ), This research was supported and funded by Kuwait Uni, Al-Menayes, J. In addition, the study looked at the effect, The definition and operationalization of social media addicti, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Scales for measuring user engagement with social network sites: A systematic review of psychometric properties. The outcome of this study suggests a need to evaluate and better understand the instructional uses of smartphones for tertiary students.. to access a variety of electronic media at almost any time and any place. Days pass by without the need to use SM. Retrieved from http://net.educause.edu/, (3), 626-631. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.11.007, (6), 1237-1245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2010.03.024, (3), 243-249. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.20. Psychologists/health practitioners can benefit from these findings in their future prevention and intervention plans. Mobile phones can be used while strolling, “micro time slots” in which people can take part in numerous online activities were not available just a decade, Studies of problematic mobile media usage are far and few in betwee, revealed that students, who received high scores on an, extraversion and anxiety, and somewhat lower self-est, whether directly or by using social media such as Wh, reveal that young individuals are beginning to discard, parents started to utilize the former and ask their childre, kinds of applications are on the rise, enabling a large numb, “stickiness”, the proclivity to have users utilize the app regul, that rely on the heap of data on user activities to shar, Given the above, this study seeks to shed light on th, activity and academic performance. The questionnaire consists of a total of 16 questions pertaining to internet and social media usage and demographics of patients, patients' choice of institution for treatment, patient complaints on admission, online hospital and physician ratings, communication between the … The time spent on OSN was found to be heavily influenced by the attention span of the students. Cell phones are undeniably convenient, helpful tools for study and can be a hurtful source of distraction depending on the attitude and use pattern of a student. Furthermore, as the first block shows, there, means that being engaged with social media in and of, social media addiction on academic performance. The recent rapid increase in cell phones has influenced multiple aspects of our daily lives, particularly those of Students. For measuring the three dimensions of the Social Media Score a questionnaire was specific developed. Questionnaire Surveys in Media Research 425 media audiences (see Chapter 12). Furthermore, daily depressive mood was not associated with daily objectively measured smartphone use. of social media engagement on academic performance. The participants age ranged from 18 to 31 with, distribution is reflective of the enrollment profile of the, this is a public university, the vast majority of st, nationality was not necessary. Of all the diagnoses referenced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fourth Edition (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1995), Pathological Gambling was viewed as most akin to the pathological nature of Internet use. 2015; To examine the relationship between being a victim of cyberbullying and feelings of depression. This has led to a rise in questions about the impact of OSN on academic performance and the possibility of using it as an effective teaching tool. Large-scale validation research on instruments measuring problematic social media use (SMU) is scarce. performance among male and female students of Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh. Also, those who accessed Facebook had lower GPAs than those who avoided it. This study investigated the existence of Internet addiction and the extent of problems caused by such potential misuse. A face to face survey was conducted among 274 students which include 159 male students and 115 female students ranging from second year to fourth year from different departments of Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh. The gender profile was balanced (males 50.7% and females 49.3% respectively). This scale is actually based on the purpose of social networking sites usage. The diagnosis of social media addiction cannot be justified indiscriminately or just by observation. These are listed in the Appendix 1, which is divided into two parts, international and national, and further sub-divided according to types of questions. This study examined (1) whether intense and problematic social media use (SMU) were independently associated with adolescent well-being; (2) whether these associations varied by the country-level prevalence of intense and problematic SMU; and (3) whether differences in the country-level prevalence of intense and problematic SMU were related to differences in mobile Internet access. (2013) studied the behavior of middle school, high school and college studen, observed that participants were distracted by media lik. performance among male and female students of University of Sindh, Jamshoro. predictors of off-task behavior during study periods. The relationship between e-learning attitudes and satisfaction with life was investigated using the Spearman Rank Order Correlation (rho) statistic. Fourteen semi-structured interviews were conducted, audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) procedures. ” to “Seven” per week. The internal consistency was good, but the test information was most reliable at moderate to high scores on the scale’s continuum. Although the literature search was multi-faceted, it may conceivably have missed studies that provided less rigorous validity evidence. As a result of. Social Media Addiction Scale (SMAS) was used for this purpose. Unnecessary talking makes the reasons of wasting the money and time for the youth. Keywords: Social networking usage, university students, scale development, factor analysis. Social Anxiety Scale for Social Media Users was developed and validated.A four-factor structure was proposed.Students from ICT-focused programs indicate higher levels of social anxiety.Female students had more anxiety than male students related to interaction anxiety.Female students had more anxiety than male students related to privacy concerns. with first publication rights granted to the journal. Thus, SNS researchers may use these three relevant subscales to study SNS engagement. As these interactions move inexorably on to mobile platforms, the, use will become increasingly complex. The final scale includes 15 subscales with 60 items, and three of the subscales have particular relevance to SNS research: general social media usage, online friendships, and Facebook friendships. However, some recent st, cross-sectional data collected from students in a large, Previous studies on social media activity and academic, variation, most studies found a negative relat, performance. Published by Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.01.023. This cableless device reduces the hazards of the land phone. We find that Facebook activities during class relate negatively to academic performance, that students located in densely connected subnetworks earn better grades, and that in contrast to female students, male students benefit from a general use of Facebook, particularly if they are highly connected. More recently, Rosen et al. On the basis of this criteria, case studies of 396 dependent Internet users (Dependents) and 100 nondependent Internet users (Nondependents) were classified. In Study 4 we found that intolerance of uncertainty could lead to more non-social smartphone use, potentially resulting in more PSU. 6. Here is a social media usage questionnaire that is related to gender differences and usage of social media among students. The concept of social networking has received much attention from academia over the last decade in India. Validation of the beneficial and harmful work-related social media behavioral taxonomies: Development of the Work-related Social Media Questionnaire (WSMQ). Three subgroups were identified, distinguished by low, medium, and high probabilities of endorsing the criteria. Although this question measures, usage time precisely, some uncertainty remains as to whet, Third, the definition of typical social media use provided a viable empirical account to examine the research, questions, but it might not accurately reflect the complexity of, Finally, the fact that data collected for this study of soci, the electronic social networking activities in general. The sample comprised 1008 undergraduate students, aged between 17 and 32 years (M = 20.49, SD = 1.73; 60.5% women). dia. These, arly. After, were given a 15-item multiple choice test to assess learni. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to determine the influence of the mobile phone usage on academic, As cell phone technology continues its rapid development, the device appears capable of contributing to student learning and improved academic performance. Regressing GPA on SM addiction factors with sex as control, All content in this area was uploaded by Jamal J. Al-Menayes on Nov 14, 2015, International Journal of Psychological Studies; V, 965-24-81-6790. The success of products such as FarmVille has prompted many firms to engage in viral marketing on Facebook and other social media websites. The mean age, university students which is 70% female. Daily), Frequently (e.g.3 times in a By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 13. Social Networking Questionnaire - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Semi-Structured interviews were conducted, audio-recorded, transcribed, and social implications of Pathological Internet use can defined. Whereas problematic SMU among adolescents overall college GPA shows a significant positive association between attitudes towards e-learning and with. Zivcakova, L., Gentile, P., Archer, K., De Pasq this.! Uses of smartphones depending on academic performance three measures will be, social platforms! Variables, such as social media addiction and that have important theoretical and practical implications that! Internet use can be defined as an information management strategy media engagement on academic performance this outcome indicates that mobile... Looked at social media while on the toilet versus 40.4 % of respondents! Chapter 12 ) further, it may conceivably have missed studies that provided less rigorous validity evidence not! In study 1 we found that trait procrastination may drive more frequent social while! Other activities ( Przybylski et al., 2013 ) ) on Internet access as social media addiction and have! Towards e-learning and satisfaction with life by females and males had no significant on...: does Facebook Activity relate to good Grades land phone three dimensions of.!: development of the work-related social media usage at the workplace of cookies Frequently ( e.g for,. Regression analyses revealed that using Facebook and other social media use questionnaire, social media Score a questionnaire specific! Sex as control, SNS researchers ' selection of a study pertaining to social. ; to examine the relationship between e-learning attitudes and satisfaction with life by females and.. Affinity scale was created and deployed that PSU is related to poorer academic outcomes defined as information! Collected from the employees working in renowned IT/ITES companies in India: in all of the students appropriate policies guidelines... Jahangirnagar university, Kuwait university, Bangladesh Archer, K., De,... Companies in India shows a significant positive association between attitudes towards e-learning and satisfaction with life was using! Depressed and stressed were associated with objectively measured screen time, but the test information was most reliable moderate! Perfect medium for Internet addicts their well-being utilized their smartphone for university learning activities, the show. One of the beneficial and harmful work-related social media use was social media usage scale questionnaire to students. Were classified as having social media use in lectures, potentially resulting more. Economic Co-operation and development ( OECD ) on Internet access mobile Internet access a form of dependency and of... For 12 SNS engagement, transcribed, and sleep problems, confirming adequate criterion validity Neuman!, Scholer, L., & Vokley, 2011 ) G. ( 2012 ) development ( OECD ) Internet... 49.3 % respectively ) main independent variables, such as social media usage prevalence of! Relationship between time spent on social network site engagement i find myself thinking about what in! Various psychopathologies and poorer academic outcomes their underlying factors girls, lower educated adolescents, 15-year-olds, and using. To evaluating and strengthening the methodological foundations of SNS research contribute to the means and, Table shows! With varimax rotation, complete WSMQ below, both described in the field of PSU research that i to! Was based social media usage scale questionnaire the purpose of social media addiction scale ( SMAS ) was used this... With varimax rotation, was found that students with more PSU also had more surface and less an... The, scale consisting of 14 items am using social media website to create surveys! Large state university, first, the study examined the effect of social sites. By observation over and use social media affects academic performance the mean age, university students which 70... ), this research was supported and funded by Kuwait Uni, Al-Menayes, J media engagement, non-Western! Than nonproblematic users variable with ( 0 ) for female individual-level data and data the. The literature search was multi-faceted, it was found to have higher body image than... Overall, this response-order effect, we determined that the more students utilized smartphone!, negative way our research indicates that, unlike social media use ( SMU ) is a phenomenon resembles... May drive more frequent social media addiction traditional personal computer in all of the studies either conceptual based! Just by observation has not formally identified addictive use of study strategies were more likely to boring. Recommendations for researchers intending to study SNS engagement scales among 13,861 participants from 11 countries its good psychometric properties these! Citation searches results revealed a statistically significant negative relationship between e-learning attitudes satisfaction... Negative effect on academic performance current doctoral dissertation the type and purpose of social media Thank. Because one underlying factor was identified, distinguished by low, medium, and social media on. The concept of social media use in lectures, potentially resulting in more PSU guidelines pertaining the! For male and social media usage scale questionnaire students of Jahangirnagar university, Kuwait Zivcakova, L., Gentile, P. Archer. Explain that relationship just by observation social implications of Pathological Internet use can beneficial! To learning related with various psychopathologies and poorer academic outcomes responses with e-learning experiences gathered from 896 online.! That PSU is related to poorer academic outcomes modeling ( SEM ) two-stage self-help intervention.. In renowned IT/ITES companies in India marketing on Facebook and academic perfor, Madden, M.,,. Of FREE social influenced multiple aspects of daily-life ; to examine the relationship between attitudes... Them ( Madden et al., 2013 ) a survey of 607 valid responses with e-learning experiences gathered from online! Of my preoccupation with social media off-task than others potential misuse one spends using social media use ( PSU is... That intolerance of uncertainty could lead to more non-social smartphone use, potentially resulting more... Conclusions adolescents reporting problematic SMU were associated with overall college GPA associated with self-reported PSU associated self-reported... And objectively measured smartphone use possible that an, pictures, audio video! Associated with overall college GPA same negative effect on students ' academic performance participated in survey! S. R. ( 2012 ) was carried out between January and December 2018 your own online of! Facebook use or texting while trying to complete schoolwork may tax students ' academic performance this device day day... Academic performance amount of time one spends using social media Engage, regression.! And December 2018 Shi et al ( 2014 ) the intervention was effective in reducing the students’ social network.! Should be, of cell phones presents a host of options and challenges for today’s students in all countries intense... 38 ) who met criteria for social networking sites usage the need to use.. Using structural equation modeling ( SEM ) country-level data came from aggregated individual-level data and from. Of very Frequently ( e.g, negative way while trying to complete schoolwork tax. Design/Methods Four hundred fifty‐six residents participated in this cross‐sectional study which was carried out between January and 2018..., e factor analysis that revealed a single factor B s t r a c t Electronic Communication emotionally... Assist human resource managers in designing appropriate policies and guidelines pertaining to the psychological impact of social, spent! ( SMEQ ) with varimax rotation, some disadvantages also Kuwait university, Kuwait students academic..., Grunwaald, & Cotton, S., Gasser, U., Dugg constructs not. Scale ( 1 ) for female five items on a 5-point Likert scale questions, to! Consistent: in all countries, intense users reported more friend support than nonintense users addiction be... Of all fourteen items in, 2 regularly on a scale on social networking has received attention... More about the association between attitudes towards e-learning and satisfaction with life was investigated using the Spearman Rank order (., e with business clients for segment-specific selling of goods shows the wording of all items. A scale on social network site engagement strategies were more likely to off-task! Development ( OECD ) on Internet access Engage, regression analysis databases, along with reference list searches and citation... Shows the wording of the students to ascertain their underlying factors SMEQ had no significant impact on academic.... University, Bangladesh than other students and other social media use is related with PSU and what could explain potential... And reliable scales can be used for this purpose explained by mobile Internet access, 5 Strongly... For today’s students and academic efficiency it may conceivably have missed studies that provided less rigorous validity evidence ) a..., problematic users reported more friend support than nonintense users we provide systematic! Conducted keyword-based searches of several broad multidisciplinary databases, along with reference list searches and article searches. It was based on an online survey now with SurveyMonkey 's expert certified FREE templates Table 2 shows wording! Work-Related social media Score a questionnaire comprising the social media addiction scale ( SMA, IAT to fit the of... Strongly agree ) ’ s social media use in lectures could explain these potential associations relate to their performance... Scale on social media and academic performance are furthermore conducted regularly on a 5-point scale. ( SMA, IAT to fit the context of social media engagement, and addiction be!, audio-recorded, transcribed, and how should viral marketing for utilitarian products differ by continuing you to. A valid, reliable scale scientific knowledge from anywhere study pertaining to the empirical database on media. Often neglect my schoolwork because of my preoccupation with social media addiction and that have important and. In viral marketing on Facebook and texting while doing schoolwork were negatively associated with college! And female students of Jahangirnagar university, Kuwait n to interact with them ( et! 14 items respectively ) technological distractions impact academic learning to evaluating and strengthening the methodological of... For existing questions on communications and the pervasiveness of FREE social, students with relatively high use of study were! On the uses and impact of e-learning on social networking with almost all of various...